Weed that Contains Medical Benefits

Cannabis is not only the most abused illicit drug in the United States it is in fact the most abused illegal drug worldwide (UNODC, 2010). Within the United States it is a schedule I substance, which means it is legal as not having any medical value and is extremely addictive. The author explains that not all cannabis is safe for abuse. Therefore, he suggests using the term marijuana when talking about cannabis that has abuse potential. To make it clearer, this term is utilized in this paper too.

In the present marijuana is at the center of international debates about the legality of its legal status. In a number of Union states, it’s been legal for medical reasons. This trend is commonly referred to by the name of “medical marijuana” and is widely praised by those who advocate it, but resented severely by the opponents. In this regard, it was that we decided to focus on both the physical as well as pharmacological consequences of marijuana as the foundation of this study.

Marijuana is a cannabis plant that is more appropriately referred to as cannabis sativa. Like I said, certain cannabis sativa plants don’t possess the potential for abuse and are referred to as hemp. Hemp is widely used for various fiber products like newspapers and artist’s canvas. Cannabis sativa, with the potential for abuse is known as marijuana.

It is important to know that even though it has been studied extensively over a period of time there’s a lot that researchers do not have a clear understanding of marijuana. Neuroscientists and biologists are aware of how pot’s effects can have but they do not completely know. It is said that of around four hundred known chemicals in cannabis plants, researchers are aware of more than sixty believed to be psychoactive and affect humans’ brains. There are so many options like thc concentrates for sale which can be bought online or could be ordered through phone call.

A psychoactive substance, THC directly affects the central nervous system (CNS). It alters a wide range of neurotransmitters, and also catalyzes biological and enzymatic processes also. It is believed that the CNS gets stimulated by THC stimulates certain neuroreceptors within the brain. This triggers a range of emotional and physical reactions that will be discussed in detail later on. Only substances which trigger neurotransmitters are those that mimic chemical substances produced by the brain naturally.

It is known that THC enhances brain function is a lesson for researchers that the brain is equipped with natural receptors for cannabinoid. It’s still not clear the reason why humans possess natural receptors for cannabinoid and how they function (Hazelden 2005; Martin, 2004). We do know that marijuana stimulates cannabinoid receptors as much as twenty times more vigorously that any other neurotransmitters could.

The most intriguing mystery is the connection between THC and serotonin, a neurotransmitter. Serotonin receptors are amongst the most affected by psychoactive drugs, however, most specifically , nicotine and alcohol. It is not dependent on marijuana’s association with this chemical serotonin remains a unexplored neurochemical, and its neuroscientific claims in function and use remain largely untested . The only thing neuroscientists have confirmed is that marijuana users have extremely high levels of serotonin production.

I’d like to speculate that it is this connection among THC and serotonin which explains this “marijuana maintenance programme” that helps people to abstain from alcohol. This permits marijuana users to avoid the painful withdrawal symptoms as well as avoid cravings to drink. The effectiveness for “marijuana maintenance” for aiding in the abstinence of alcohol isn’t scientifically proven, but it is an experience I observed personally with many clients.

It is interesting to note that marijuana mimics numerous neurological reactions that occur in other drugs that it’s extremely difficult to categorize into one specific category. Researchers can place it into one of the following categories: hallucinogen, psychedelic or serotonin-inhibitor. Its properties mimic similar chemical reactions as opioids.

The cause of this lies in the complexity many psychoactive properties that are found in marijuana, both recognized and undiscovered. One of my recent clients did not overcome the visual distortions he experienced due to the pervasive psychoactive use, even while it was still a habit of his. It was believed to be due to the psychedelic effects found in active cannabis. Although it was not powerful enough to cause these visual distortions by on its own, the marijuana itself was powerful enough to hinder the brain from recovering and healing.

Emotions:
Cannibinoid receptors are found in the brain and affect various functions. Most important on an emotional level is stimulation of the nucleus accumbens in the brain that alters the brain’s natural reward centers. Another one is the amygdala, which regulates one’s fears and emotions.

I’ve noticed that high-potato smokers I personally work with seem to have a similarity in taking the drug to control their anger. This is backed up by upon the effects and forms the foundation of a lot of research. The research has revealed that the connection between the use of marijuana and calming anger is significant clinically. It is an effective defense system that helps to protect against the emotional effects of fear-driven adversity. According to research that fear is a fundamental function that is controlled by the amygdala that is a significant stimulant of marijuana.

Neurological signals between receptors and transmitters do not only regulate emotions, but also psychological functions. It is also the way the body manages the nonvolitional and volitional aspects of its functioning. The cerebellum as well as the basal ganglia regulate every bodily movement and coordination. They are two of the most heavily stimulated regions of the brain stimulated by marijuana. This is why marijuana’s effects are physiological. in causing blood pressure changes and weakening of muscles. THC eventually affects all motor activity in some way.

A fascinating phenomenon I’ve observed in nearly all of my customers who say marijuana is their primary drug of choice is the practice of smoking prior to eating. This is explained through the effects that marijuana has on”CB-1″ receptor “CB-1” receptor. The CB-1 receptors found in the brain are located within the limbic system also known as the nucleolus accumbens which regulates the reward pathways. These reward pathways influence our eating habits and appetite as part of our body’s instinct to survive which causes us to want eating food , and reward us with dopamine once we do. Martin discusses this connection and explains that what makes marijuana users different are the effects of stimulating the receptor CB-1 that is directly stimulating the appetite.

A client I have has shared how he started smoking up to 15 joints “low class” marijuana per day but then changed to “high quality” after the lower grade was beginning to become ineffective. At the time, 15 joints of high-grade marijuana became ineffective for him too. He would not always obtain the “high” from this as well. The entire process took place within 5 years of the client’s first experience using marijuana. What is the difference between high and low-grade marijuana and how does marijuana start to diminish its effects over time?

Its potency can be determined by the THC concentration in the product. When the market on the street gets less competitive, amount of marijuana available in the streets becomes more pure. This has led to a rise in the ever-growing potency which is responsive to demand. A typical joint of marijuana that is smoked today has the same THC power as ten joints of marijuana consumed in the 1960’s.

The THC content will be based on which part of the leaf being utilized for production. For instance , cannabis buds could be anywhere from two to nine times stronger than leaves that are fully developed. Hash oil, a type of marijuana that is created through distillation of cannabis resin can produce more THC than even high-quality buds. The necessity to increase the quantity of marijuana smoked or the requirement to go from low grade to high grade is referred to by the scientific term tolerance. The brain is extremely efficient. Since it is aware that neuroreceptors are stimulated, but without neurotransmitters emitting chemical messages, brain reduces the chemical output, so the levels go back to normal.

The person who smokes won’t experience the same high since his brain is “tolerating” the more intense levels of chemicals, and the person is back to normal. The smoker then increases the dosage to experience the same high, and the cycle repeats. The smoker might find switching between grades beneficial for a short time. The brain eventually ceases producing the chemical completely relying entirely to the chemical consumed.

The reverse of this process is called “dependence.” When the body ceases to produce itself natural substances, the body demands that the user keep smoking to function chemicals indefinitely. The body is now commanding to consume THC which makes it very difficult to stop. Research has shown that dependence on marijuana is more potent than other drugs such as cocaine.

In the event of quitting other drugs such as opioids, stimulants, or alcohol, the body can react in adverse and often risky ways. This is because of the abrupt loss of chemical input , which is accompanied by an underlying fact that your brain stopped its natural neurotransmission of these chemicals long in the past. This is the reason for withdrawal.

While studies have shown similar withdrawal reactions in those who use marijuana as other substances like alcohol (Ashton 2001) What I’ve seen many times in my interactions of clients was the lack of withdrawal experience experienced by the majority marijuana users. Naturally, they feel desires, but do not experience the same neurophysical withdrawal reactions that others who use drugs have. Some marijuana users consider this to be their final evidence of the fact that cannabis “is not a substance” and therefore should not be subjected to the same treatment and rehabilitation efforts like other alcohol or drug addicts.

The truth is that the apparent lack of withdrawal acutely is due to the particular way that your body store THC. While other substances like alcohol can be eliminated from one’s body within one to five days, THC could last up to 30 days until it’s completely removed into the bloodstream. When THC is consumed by a smoker, it’s transported very quickly through the lungs, heart and the brain. THC however, in the end, is transformed into protein and is stored as muscles and body fat. The second method of storage in reserve fat in the body is more sluggish.

If a person begins abstinence, the THC stored in fat starts its gradual release into the blood circulation. Although the process of reentry into the body’s system isn’t enough to cause an effect psychoactive, however it does assist in helping smokers through withdrawal in a less stressful and pain-free way. Smoking more,, more they store. The more body mass a smoker is the more THC is stored too. In the case of the case of very large clients, I have seen it take as long as thirty days for urine screens to indicate a THC level that is cleared.

Like the THC’s slow taper-like cleansing is the slow pace in the beginning of the psychoactive effects. People who have used it say that they don’t get high from smoking marijuana immediately and it takes time to allow their bodies to adapt to it before feeling the sensation of high. This is due to its slow and gradual absorption THC into the fatty tissues, with peak levels appearing within about 4-5 days.

When THC starts to release slowly into bloodstream it will trigger a physiological response that will increase rapidly with each new marijuana use, which results in a new feeling of high. After the user repeats the process , and the high levels THC are accumulated throughout the body and proceed to travel to the brain The THC is then transferred to the neocortical sensory, limbic and motor areas , which were described earlier.

Physiology:
The neuroscience and the neurophysiology behind marijuana have been discussed so far. There are numerous physical elements that are associated with marijuana use and also. National Institute on Drug Abuse says that people who smoke marijuana suffer from the same respiratory issues that tobacco smokers suffer from, such as regular coughing, the production of phlegm and more frequent chest infections as well as a greater likelihood of suffering from lung illnesses. They cite research that shows that people who are chronically marijuana users who don’t smoke tobacco, face more health issues than those who do not smoke due to respiratory diseases.

The final research that demonstrates the negative biological adverse health effects of marijuana is not conclusive. It is known that marijuana smoke is a source of between fifty and seventy percent greater carcinogenic hydrocarbons that smoking tobacco does.

Some studies have shown that marijuana smokers exhibit an abnormally high number of epithelial cells inside their lung tissue that can cause cancer However, other studies have found that there are no associations whatsoever with marijuana smoking and the upper respiratory tract, lung or the upper digestive tract cancers. Perhaps the most eye-opening aspect is the fact that experts all have agreed that historically, there hasn’t been one reported death solely due to smoking marijuana.

Pharmacology “Medical Marijuana”:
This final fact about the apparent less harmful effects of marijuana use when compared to legal substances such as nicotine and alcohol is usually the first to be mentioned by those who advocate legalizing marijuana because of its health benefits.

This is due to the apparently positive effects marijuana has on cancer, alzheimers, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma and AIDS. Although not scientifically proven but based on personal experiences of positive treatment of patients suffering of chronic illnesses is cited as benefits claimed to outweigh negative effects.

Van Tuyl states “almost all substances – even ones that are legal can pose more dangers to the individual’s health and/or the general public than marijuana.” She is of the opinion that legalizing use of marijuana does not justify the positive benefits, but insists that the risks that come with smoking marijuana can be “mitigated through alternative routes of administration, including vapourization”.

The argument points at more risky drugs in clinical trials like opioids, benzodiazepines and amphetamines which are administered via prescription on a regular basis. These medications, such as Vicodine, Xanex, or Ritalin are accepted internationally when they are deemed “medically essential.”

Conclusion/Reflection:
Although I’m not comfortable being a part of the debate concerning marijuana’s legalization as a result of this research paper, there are some clear effects for me an addiction professional. Alcohol is also legal and so is nicotine, however for the addiction counselor, it is crucial to keep a clear and consistent message concerning the biopsychosocial aspects of the abuse of any substance.

Due to the dearth of scientific knowledge on the neurobiological characteristics that govern specific brain function The most crucial consideration moving forward will be monitoring the latest breakthroughs in the neurobiology of THC as well as other cannabinoids. The most important discoveries to current practice include the underlying causes of marijuana’s interaction with self-medication and emotional behavior tolerance, tolerance, and the most importantly, the process of withdrawal.

I’ve already begun to apply the information about both the physical as well as pharmacological benefits of marijuana that I have discussed previously with success in my own practice and am looking forward to using further research to accomplish exactly the same.

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